How to register a business in ma?

How to register a business in ma?

How to register a business in ma?



Registering a business in Massachusetts (MA) is an essential step towards establishing a legal entity and operating within the state. This article will guide you through the process of registering a business in MA, covering the necessary steps and requirements. Whether you are starting a new venture or expanding an existing one, understanding the registration process is crucial for compliance and success.

Determining Business Structure

Choosing the right business structure is the first step in registering a business in MA. The most common options include sole proprietorship, partnership, limited liability company (LLC), and corporation. Each structure has its advantages and disadvantages, so it is important to consider factors such as liability, taxation, and management before making a decision.

Business Name Registration

Before registering your business, you need to choose a unique and distinguishable name. Conduct a thorough search to ensure that the name you want is not already in use by another business in Massachusetts. You can perform a name availability search on the Secretary of the Commonwealth’s website to check for existing business names.

Once you have a unique name, you can reserve it for up to 60 days by filing a Name Reservation form with the Secretary of the Commonwealth. This step is optional but recommended if you are not ready to register your business immediately.

Registering with the Secretary of the Commonwealth

To formally register your business in Massachusetts, you will need to file the necessary documents with the Secretary of the Commonwealth. The specific requirements vary depending on the business structure you have chosen.

For a sole proprietorship or partnership, you will need to register your business name with the local city or town clerk’s office. This step is not required for LLCs and corporations.

For LLCs and corporations, you will need to file formation documents with the Secretary of the Commonwealth. LLCs must file a Certificate of Organization, while corporations must file Articles of Organization. These documents provide essential information about your business, such as its name, address, and registered agent.

Obtaining an Employer Identification Number (EIN)

An Employer Identification Number (EIN) is a unique nine-digit number assigned by the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) to identify your business for tax purposes. Most businesses, including sole proprietorships, partnerships, LLCs, and corporations, need an EIN.

You can apply for an EIN online through the IRS website. The process is free and straightforward, and you will receive your EIN immediately upon completion.

Additional Registrations and Permits

Depending on the nature of your business, you may need to obtain additional registrations and permits. Some common examples include:

Professional licenses and permits: Certain professions, such as doctors, lawyers, and contractors, require specific licenses or permits to operate legally in Massachusetts. Check with the appropriate licensing boards or agencies to determine if your business requires any professional licenses.

Local permits and licenses: Depending on your location and the type of business you are operating, you may need to obtain local permits and licenses. Contact your city or town clerk’s office to inquire about any specific requirements.


Registering a business in Massachusetts involves several steps, including determining the business structure, registering the business name, filing formation documents, obtaining an EIN, and obtaining any necessary additional registrations and permits. By following these steps and fulfilling the requirements, you can establish a legal entity and operate your business in compliance with Massachusetts laws.


– Secretary of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts:
– Internal Revenue Service: