Cost-push inflation occurs when quizlet?

Cost-push inflation occurs when quizlet?

Cost-push inflation occurs when quizlet?



Cost-push inflation occurs when there is an increase in the cost of production for goods and services, leading to a rise in overall prices in the economy. This type of inflation is driven by factors such as higher wages, increased raw material costs, or higher taxes. Cost-push inflation can have significant effects on consumers, businesses, and the overall economy. In this article, we will explore the causes and consequences of cost-push inflation and its impact on various stakeholders.

Causes of Cost-Push Inflation

1. Increase in wages: One of the primary causes of cost-push inflation is an increase in wages. When workers demand higher wages, businesses may pass on these increased labor costs to consumers through higher prices. This can occur due to factors such as strong labor unions, minimum wage legislation, or changes in labor market conditions.

2. Higher raw material costs: Another factor that can lead to cost-push inflation is an increase in the cost of raw materials. For example, if the price of oil rises significantly, it can impact various industries that rely on oil as a key input. This increase in raw material costs can result in higher production expenses, which are then passed on to consumers.

3. Increased taxes and regulations: Government policies, such as higher taxes or stricter regulations, can also contribute to cost-push inflation. When businesses face higher taxes or increased compliance costs, they may need to raise prices to maintain profitability. These additional costs are ultimately borne by consumers.

Consequences of Cost-Push Inflation

1. Reduced purchasing power: Cost-push inflation erodes the purchasing power of consumers. As prices rise, individuals and households may find it more challenging to afford the same quantity of goods and services. This can lead to a decline in living standards and a decrease in overall consumer spending.

2. Decline in business profitability: Cost-push inflation can negatively impact businesses, especially those operating with thin profit margins. When production costs increase, businesses may struggle to maintain profitability. This can result in reduced investment, job cuts, or even business closures.

3. Unemployment and wage stagnation: In some cases, cost-push inflation can lead to higher unemployment rates and wage stagnation. When businesses face higher costs, they may be reluctant to hire new employees or provide wage increases. This can result in a slowdown in job creation and limited income growth for workers.


Cost-push inflation occurs when there is an increase in the cost of production, leading to higher prices for goods and services. Factors such as higher wages, increased raw material costs, and government policies can contribute to this type of inflation. The consequences of cost-push inflation include reduced purchasing power for consumers, declining business profitability, and potential unemployment and wage stagnation. It is essential for policymakers and businesses to carefully monitor and manage cost-push inflation to maintain economic stability and ensure the well-being of all stakeholders.


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