What decreases equity?

What decreases equity?

What decreases equity?



Equity refers to fairness and justice in various aspects of life, including social, economic, and legal systems. It ensures that everyone has equal opportunities and access to resources. However, there are several factors that can decrease equity, leading to disparities and inequalities. In this article, we will explore some of the key elements that contribute to the decrease in equity.

Socioeconomic Disparities

Economic inequality: One of the primary factors that decrease equity is economic inequality. When there is a significant gap between the rich and the poor, it leads to disparities in access to education, healthcare, and other essential resources. This inequality can result from various factors such as unequal distribution of wealth, limited job opportunities, and systemic discrimination.

Education: Lack of access to quality education can also contribute to decreased equity. Inadequate educational opportunities, such as underfunded schools in low-income areas, can limit the potential of individuals from disadvantaged backgrounds. This perpetuates a cycle of inequality, as education plays a crucial role in social mobility and economic opportunities.

Discrimination and bias: Discrimination based on race, gender, ethnicity, or other factors can significantly impact equity. Prejudice and bias can lead to unequal treatment, limited opportunities, and systemic disadvantages for certain groups. Discrimination can occur in various settings, including employment, housing, and the criminal justice system.

Structural Barriers

Institutional policies: Certain policies and practices within institutions can create barriers that decrease equity. For example, discriminatory hiring practices or lack of diversity and inclusion initiatives can limit opportunities for marginalized groups. Similarly, policies that perpetuate income inequality, such as tax structures that favor the wealthy, can further exacerbate disparities.

Access to healthcare: Limited access to healthcare services can also contribute to decreased equity. Inadequate healthcare infrastructure, high costs, and lack of health insurance coverage can disproportionately affect marginalized communities. This can result in disparities in health outcomes and access to necessary treatments and preventive care.

Geographical disparities: Disparities in resources and opportunities can arise due to geographical factors. For instance, rural areas may have limited access to quality education, healthcare facilities, and job opportunities compared to urban areas. These geographical disparities can further widen the equity gap.

Systemic Injustices

Legal and criminal justice system: The legal and criminal justice system can perpetuate inequities. Racial profiling, biased sentencing, and unequal access to legal representation can lead to disproportionate outcomes for marginalized communities. This systemic injustice undermines the principle of equity and fairness.

Historical and social factors: Historical and social factors can also contribute to decreased equity. For example, the legacy of colonialism, slavery, and systemic racism can create long-lasting disparities that persist through generations. Social norms and stereotypes can also perpetuate inequality by limiting opportunities and reinforcing biases.


Decreased equity can result from various factors, including socioeconomic disparities, structural barriers, and systemic injustices. Economic inequality, limited access to quality education and healthcare, discrimination, and biased institutional policies all contribute to the erosion of equity. Recognizing and addressing these factors is essential for creating a more equitable society that ensures fairness and justice for all.


– World Bank: www.worldbank.org
– United Nations Development Programme: www.undp.org
– American Civil Liberties Union: www.aclu.org
– National Center for Education Statistics: nces.ed.gov
– Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: www.cdc.gov