What is ltm in finance?

What is ltm in finance?

What is ltm in finance?



LTM, or Last Twelve Months, is a commonly used financial term that refers to a specific period of time used for measuring a company’s performance. In finance, LTM is often used to assess a company’s financial health, profitability, and growth over the past twelve months. This article will delve deeper into the concept of LTM in finance, explaining its significance and how it is calculated.

Understanding LTM in Finance

LTM is a financial metric that provides a comprehensive view of a company’s performance over the previous twelve months. It is particularly useful for evaluating a company’s financials when there may be seasonality or significant fluctuations in its business operations. By considering the most recent twelve-month period, LTM allows for a more accurate representation of a company’s current financial standing.

Calculation of LTM: To calculate LTM figures, financial analysts typically sum up the data from the company’s most recent four quarters. This includes the income statement, balance sheet, and cash flow statement. By aggregating the data from these statements, analysts can derive key financial ratios and metrics that provide insights into the company’s performance over the past year.

Benefits of Using LTM: LTM provides a more up-to-date and relevant picture of a company’s financial performance compared to other metrics, such as annual or quarterly figures. It helps investors, analysts, and stakeholders make informed decisions by considering the most recent trends and developments in the company’s operations. LTM also allows for better comparability between companies, as it eliminates the impact of seasonality or short-term fluctuations.

Applications of LTM

LTM is widely used in various financial analyses and valuation methods. Some common applications of LTM in finance include:

Valuation: LTM figures are often used in valuation models, such as the price-to-earnings (P/E) ratio or the enterprise value-to-EBITDA (EV/EBITDA) ratio. These ratios provide insights into a company’s valuation relative to its earnings or cash flow over the past twelve months.

Financial Reporting: LTM figures are commonly included in financial reports, especially when presenting historical financial data. They help stakeholders understand the company’s recent performance and trends, enabling better decision-making.

Mergers and Acquisitions: LTM figures play a crucial role in assessing the financial health and performance of a target company during the due diligence process. They provide a comprehensive view of the company’s recent financials, aiding in negotiations and determining the appropriate valuation.


LTM, or Last Twelve Months, is a vital financial metric used to evaluate a company’s performance over the previous twelve months. By aggregating data from the income statement, balance sheet, and cash flow statement, LTM provides a more accurate and up-to-date representation of a company’s financial health. It is widely used in financial analysis, valuation, and decision-making processes. Understanding LTM is crucial for investors, analysts, and stakeholders seeking to gain insights into a company’s recent performance.


– Investopedia: www.investopedia.com
– Corporate Finance Institute: corporatefinanceinstitute.com
– Wall Street Prep: www.wallstreetprep.com