When expenses exceed revenues the resulting change in equity is?

When expenses exceed revenues the resulting change in equity is?

When expenses exceed revenues the resulting change in equity is?



When expenses exceed revenues, it has a significant impact on a company’s financial health and its equity. In this article, we will explore the resulting change in equity when expenses surpass revenues. We will delve into the concept of equity, discuss how it is affected by expenses and revenues, and highlight the implications of this imbalance on a company’s financial position.

Understanding Equity

Equity, in the context of accounting and finance, refers to the residual interest in the assets of a company after deducting liabilities. It represents the ownership claim of the shareholders on the company’s assets. Equity can be further divided into two main components: contributed capital and retained earnings.

Contributed capital represents the funds invested by shareholders in exchange for ownership shares. It includes the par value of common and preferred stock, additional paid-in capital, and any other capital contributions made by shareholders.

Retained earnings, on the other hand, are the accumulated profits of a company that have not been distributed to shareholders as dividends. Retained earnings increase when a company generates net income and decrease when it incurs net losses.

Expenses Exceeding Revenues

When a company’s expenses exceed its revenues, it means that the company is operating at a loss. This situation is commonly referred to as a net loss or negative net income. Net loss occurs when the total expenses incurred by a company, such as operating expenses, interest expenses, and taxes, surpass the total revenues generated from its operations.

The resulting change in equity when expenses exceed revenues is a decrease in retained earnings. Since retained earnings represent the accumulated profits of a company, a net loss reduces this balance. The decrease in retained earnings directly impacts the equity of the company, reducing the shareholders’ ownership claim on the company’s assets.

Implications on Financial Position

When a company consistently incurs net losses, it can have several implications on its financial position. Here are a few key points to consider:

1. Decreased Financial Stability: Net losses reduce a company’s retained earnings, which can weaken its financial stability. A significant decrease in retained earnings may indicate financial distress and can affect the company’s ability to attract investors or secure financing.

2. Reduced Shareholder Value: As net losses decrease retained earnings, it also reduces the value of shareholders’ ownership in the company. This can lead to a decline in the market value of the company’s stock and negatively impact shareholder wealth.

3. Difficulty in Meeting Obligations: If a company consistently operates at a loss, it may face difficulties in meeting its financial obligations, such as debt repayments, interest payments, and other liabilities. This can result in credit rating downgrades and higher borrowing costs.

4. Need for Strategic Measures: To address the imbalance between expenses and revenues, companies may need to implement strategic measures to cut costs, increase revenues, or both. This could involve restructuring operations, optimizing resources, exploring new markets, or diversifying product offerings.


When expenses exceed revenues, the resulting change in equity is a decrease in retained earnings, which directly impacts a company’s financial position. This imbalance can have significant implications on a company’s financial stability, shareholder value, ability to meet obligations, and necessitate strategic measures to rectify the situation. It is crucial for companies to carefully monitor their expenses and revenues to maintain a healthy financial position and sustainable growth.


1. Investopedia: www.investopedia.com
2. AccountingTools: www.accountingtools.com
3. Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB): www.fasb.org