Which of the following are stockholder equity accounts?

Which of the following are stockholder equity accounts?

Which of the following are stockholder equity accounts?



Stockholder equity accounts are an essential aspect of a company’s financial statements. They represent the residual interest in the assets of a business after deducting liabilities. In this article, we will explore which of the following accounts are considered stockholder equity accounts and understand their significance in financial reporting.

Common Stock

Common Stock is one of the primary stockholder equity accounts. It represents the ownership interest of shareholders in a corporation. When investors purchase common stock, they acquire ownership rights, including voting rights and the potential to receive dividends. The value of common stock is typically recorded at par value, which is the nominal value assigned to each share.

Preferred Stock

Another stockholder equity account is Preferred Stock. Preferred stockholders have a higher claim on a company’s assets and earnings compared to common stockholders. They are entitled to receive dividends before common stockholders and have a fixed dividend rate. Preferred stock often does not carry voting rights, or if it does, they are limited. The value of preferred stock is usually recorded at its par value or the amount paid by investors.

Additional Paid-in Capital

Additional Paid-in Capital is a stockholder equity account that reflects the amount of capital contributed by shareholders in excess of the par value of the stock. When investors purchase shares at a price higher than the par value, the excess amount is recorded as additional paid-in capital. This account represents the equity that shareholders have contributed to the company beyond the initial investment.

Retained Earnings

Retained Earnings is another significant stockholder equity account. It represents the accumulated profits of a company that have not been distributed as dividends to shareholders. Retained earnings increase when a company generates net income and decrease when dividends are paid out. This account reflects the reinvestment of profits into the business and is an important indicator of a company’s financial health and growth potential.

Treasury Stock

Treasury Stock is a unique stockholder equity account that represents shares of a company’s own stock that it has repurchased from the open market. When a company buys back its own stock, it reduces the number of outstanding shares and increases the ownership percentage of the remaining shareholders. Treasury stock is recorded at cost and is deducted from the total stockholder equity.


In conclusion, the following accounts are considered stockholder equity accounts: Common Stock, Preferred Stock, Additional Paid-in Capital, Retained Earnings, and Treasury Stock. These accounts provide valuable information about the ownership structure, capital contributions, retained profits, and share repurchases of a company. Understanding these accounts is crucial for investors, analysts, and other stakeholders to assess a company’s financial position and make informed decisions.


– Investopedia: www.investopedia.com
– AccountingCoach: www.accountingcoach.com
– Corporate Finance Institute: www.corporatefinanceinstitute.com