How is georgia dealing with immigration?

How is georgia dealing with immigration?

How is georgia dealing with immigration?



Georgia, a country located at the crossroads of Eastern Europe and Western Asia, has been grappling with the challenges posed by immigration. As a nation that serves as a transit point for migrants and refugees, Georgia has implemented various policies and measures to address this complex issue. This article will delve into how Georgia is dealing with immigration, exploring its approach, policies, and initiatives.

Immigration Policies and Legislation

Migration Code: Georgia has a comprehensive legal framework to regulate immigration. The Migration Code, adopted in 2014, outlines the procedures and requirements for entry, stay, and departure of foreigners in the country. It also addresses issues related to asylum and refugee status determination.

Visa Liberalization: In 2017, Georgia achieved visa-free travel to the Schengen Area for its citizens. This milestone was the result of the country’s efforts to meet the European Union’s requirements regarding border management, document security, migration, and asylum policies. Visa liberalization has facilitated people-to-people contacts and enhanced Georgia’s integration into the European community.

Border Management and Security

Border Control: Georgia has invested in modernizing its border control infrastructure and technology. The State Border Police, responsible for border management, has implemented advanced systems for passport control and detection of fraudulent documents. These measures aim to ensure the integrity of Georgia’s borders and prevent irregular migration.

Cooperation with International Organizations: Georgia actively collaborates with international organizations, such as the International Organization for Migration (IOM) and the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), to enhance its border management capabilities. This cooperation includes capacity building, training programs, and information exchange to strengthen Georgia’s ability to manage migration flows effectively.

Asylum and Refugee Policies

Asylum Procedures: Georgia has established a legal framework for processing asylum applications and determining refugee status. The country follows the standards set by the United Nations Refugee Convention and its Protocol. The State Commission on Migration Issues is responsible for examining asylum claims and making decisions based on international standards.

Integration Programs: Georgia has implemented various integration programs to support refugees and asylum seekers. These programs focus on language training, vocational education, employment assistance, and social integration initiatives. The government, in collaboration with international organizations and NGOs, provides support to help refugees rebuild their lives in Georgia.

Challenges and Future Directions

Irregular Migration: Despite Georgia’s efforts to manage immigration effectively, it still faces challenges related to irregular migration. The country’s location as a transit route for migrants and refugees poses difficulties in controlling and regulating the flow of people. Georgia continues to work on strengthening its border control measures and cooperation with neighboring countries to address this issue.

Socioeconomic Integration: Ensuring the successful integration of migrants and refugees into Georgian society remains a priority. Access to education, healthcare, housing, and employment opportunities are crucial for their integration. Georgia is working on enhancing these aspects and providing necessary support to facilitate the socioeconomic integration of migrants and refugees.


Georgia has taken significant steps to address the complexities of immigration. Through its comprehensive legal framework, border management measures, asylum procedures, and integration programs, the country aims to manage migration effectively and ensure the well-being of migrants and refugees. However, challenges persist, particularly regarding irregular migration and socioeconomic integration. Georgia’s commitment to cooperation with international organizations and continuous improvement of its policies will be vital in shaping its approach to immigration in the future.


– Ministry of Internal Affairs of Georgia:
– State Commission on Migration Issues:
– International Organization for Migration (IOM):
– United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR):